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大理慢屋.攬清度假酒店建筑景觀設計



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項目名稱:大理慢屋.攬清度假酒店
業主及運營者:重慶慢屋酒店管理有限公司
項目地址:大理市環海西路葭蓬村
建筑面積:改造前300㎡,改造后1000㎡
設計時間:2013.03-2014.9
建造時間:2013.08-2015.06
竣工時間:2015.07
建造地點:大理

project name: DALI MUNWOOD LAKESIDE RESORT HOTEL
Owners and operators: Chongqing Munwood Hotel Management Co., Ltd.
Project site: Jiapeng Village,West road, Erhai Lake, Dali
construction area: before reconstruction 300㎡,after reconstruction1000㎡
Design time:2013.03-2014.9
Build time:2013.08-2015.06
Completion time:2015.07

場地位于葭蓬村洱海畔,是一個基于原有農宅的改擴建項目(改造前300㎡,改造后1000㎡)。從最初草圖至施工結束一共花了兩年半,元象建筑對設計建造的全過程:選址策劃、建筑方案及施工圖設計、室內(包含軟裝、家具設計及現場制作)及景觀設計,施工現場等環節進行著全程的把控,目前已經竣工并投入正式營業。

MUNWOOD LAKESIDE is one of the two design hotels built by IDO (Init Design Office) in Dali, Yunnan province in resent two years. Located beside Erhai lake, Jiapeng village, it is expanded and reconstructed originally on a farm house, which was transformed from 300㎡to 1000㎡. IDO took the control of the whole process in the design and construction from site planning, architecture and construction design, indoors (including soft, furniture design and site fabrication field production.)and landscape design to construction site. After two and half years design and construction, it is now open for business .

存在建筑-建筑攝影 (31) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

位置 Location

慢屋·攬清位于大理洱海環海西路葭蓬村,葭蓬村是環洱海最小的自然村,村莊周圍環繞著獨有的自然景觀—海西濕地:楊柳垂蔭,蘆葦飛絮,水鳥游弋,天藍海清。整個村莊寧靜秀美,五六間小客棧沿濕地岸線散布,慢屋就在其中之一。

MUNWOOD LAKESIDE locates in west road, Erhai lake, Jiapeng village, Dali, which is the smallest natural village around Erhai lake. The village is surrounded by a unique natural landscape–Haixi wetland,where willow catkins are fluttering, waterfowls are cruising, sky and lake are blue. The village is beautiful and quiet with five or six Inns along the wetland shoreline, and MUNWOOD LAKESIDE is among them.

drawings 0區位 Location Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-建筑攝影 (29) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-建筑攝影 (23) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-建筑攝影 (32) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

背景 Background

我們認為:一個好的建筑必定是多方合力的結果,特別需要一個“好”的甲方。為了能蓋一棟讓建筑師自己滿意的房子,2013年初我們決定“那就自己做一次甲方吧”,于是決定“去大理蓋房子”。從乙方到甲方,我們遇到了很多新的問題:資金不夠怎么辦?于是我們又鼓動了周圍好幾位有同樣追求的建筑師好友加入到投資建設團隊中,一起成立了慢屋酒店管理有限公司,組織一群有相同夢想的建筑師一起努力。施工現場需要把控,各種關系需要協調。方案同樣是改了無數輪:只不過這次是給自己改 —— 過程中我們意識到“其實作甲方也挺難,很多實際的問題需要面對”。——還好辦法總比問題多,在解決實際問題的同時,我們努力堅持著建筑學的基本準則。

We are holding the view that a good building must be the result of the multi – force, particularly a “good” party A. In order to build a house, satisfied by architects themselves, we decided to “ be part A ourselves!”, so we made the decision of going to Dali to build a house at the beginning of 2013. We then encountered various new problems from Party B to Party A, like lack of money. So we established Munwood Hotel Management Co. Ltd, encouraging several architects friends who hold the same pursuits to join the investment team. However, we came to realize that Party A was never an easy job, and a great deal of practical problems needed to be settled. The construction site needed to be controlled and all kinds of relations needed to be coordinated; the plan had been changed lots of rounds, but it was changed to satisfy us own this time. Fortunately, solutions were more than difficulties. In the process of solving practical problems, we shrived to adhere to the basic principles of Architecture.

角色轉換的一點思考 Reflections on Role Transformation

兩年多時間里,我們的角色既是甲方又是乙方。

精心策劃,從考慮使用者的體驗開始設計:分析酒店客人的使用行為模式,注重使用者的體驗,做到“設計創造價值”

控制造價,強調“適宜的建造策略”:在相對較低的建造成本情況下,以及在大理相對落后的施工技術條件下,用建筑師可以控制的施工方式做出更講究的空間品質。

強調社會責任感:在洱海環路市政管網不健全的背景下,在有限的投資成本下,花數十萬元為項目配置中水系統,污水處理后可作為庭院景觀用水,不向洱海排一滴污水。

建筑師的話語權:建筑師為主導的開發建設,推動項目的建設及運營走向良性,達成使用者、業主及社會多方共贏的結果,而非之前房地產粗放開發時期開發商一味的追求資金回報率的傳統開發模式。

使用后評價對設計的促進:目前客棧已經投入使用近一年,客人的使用反饋作為真實存在的建筑評價,將是我們今后酒店設計改良的依據及動力。
我們認為這是一種模式的轉變,特別是在當前經濟轉型下,在后房地產時代下,建筑師的角色定位或許可以重新思考?

In those two more years, we acts as not only Party A but also Party B.
Elaborately planned, designing from the user experience: we strive to live up to “Design to create value” by analyzing the use behavior patterns of hotel guest’s , and focusing on the user experience.

Control the cost and emphasize “the suitable construction strategy”: architects can make the space higher quality by controlling the construction ways, in spite of the relatively low construction costs and backward construction technology conditions in Dali.

Emphasizing the sense of social responsibility: Despite the municipal pipe network is not perfect in the Erhai ring road, and investment costs are really limited, IDO spend hundreds of thousands of RMB to equip the reclaimed water system, which can be used as the garden landscape water after the sewage treatment, not discharging a drop of sewage in Erhai.

Architects’ discourse power: The development and construction led by architects can push the construction and operation of the project to a benign, achieving multi- win-win results among the user, the owners and the community, rather than traditional pattern of pursuing return on funds in extensive real estate development period.
Promotion on the design by post occupancy evaluation: The inn has been put into use for nearly one year, and the feedbacks of the guests serving as the real building evaluation to promote hotel design in future.

We believe that this is a pattern transformation, especially in the current economic transition, the role of the architect may be rethinking in the post real estate era.

drawings 2總平面圖 floor plan Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

drawings 3軸測示意圖 Axonometric drawing Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

作為建筑師的堅持 Insistence as an architect

樸素的設計出發點:不做標新立異的建筑,而是一次“當代鄉土”的嘗試,讓建筑真正的屬于這個場地。努力嘗試做到:尊重自然環境與地域人文、注重設計的新舊關系、注重創新,設計創造價值、注重生態策略及環保。

Simply-design-style as starting point: It’s “Contemporary vernacular” ,attempting to make the building really belong to this site, instead of the unconventional one. We manage to respect for the natural environment and regional humanities, concern on the relations of the old and new design, focus on innovation, create values by design ,stress on ecological strategy and environmental protection.

存在建筑-建筑攝影 (34) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-建筑攝影 (26) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

屬于場地的建筑 A building belonging to the site

布局:控制尺度,將建筑體量化整為零,多個坡屋頂與周圍農宅尺度相呼應。
邊界:石頭圍墻的介入,作為邊界存在,讓客棧與周圍鄰居之關系既有所區別,又有所聯系。

Layout: Controlling the scale, break up the whole into parts and slope roofs echo surrounding farm house .
Boundary: The stone walls ,being served as a boundary ,make the relationship between the inn and the surrounding neighbors are not only different, but also contact.

存在建筑-建筑攝影 (6) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室內 (4) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-建筑攝影 (12) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

多層次的公共空間設計 Multi -level public space design

創造多層次的的公共空間體驗,從多維度建立建筑與洱海的關系,讓使用者可以各取所需,互不干擾。這個設計最難的是要跨過面前的馬路欣賞前面的洱海水景。建筑與馬路之間的關系很難處理。我們采用了用了一個半下沉的公共空間,來塑造一個雙重的聯系。空間下面通過隔墻低下來的地方,可以建立與水景的心理聯系,空間上面新塑造了一個平臺,建立起與洱海水景更為直接的關系。這個平臺用了同建筑主體不同的結構方式(鋼結構),其標高也有所降低,同一樓地面建立起更親近的關系。這個平臺右邊所接的建筑是開敞的,這個動作,一來讓底下上來的流線始終處在寬大的室外感之中,讓二樓更有一種地景感而不是建筑感,二來,從馬路上看,建筑也顯得更加空靈、輕巧,不像周邊房子那樣很實。

Creating multi-level public space experience, it established the relationship between the architecture and Erhai Lake from multi dimensions , so that users can get what they need and do not interfere with each other. However,the most difficult part of design is to cross the front road to enjoy the Erhai Lake. The relationship between the building and the road is difficult to deal with. So a half sinking public space was designed to make a link. Space below the partition can make a psychological link with the water .While the platform built on the space established a more direct relationship with the Erhai Lake. This platform used the steel structure which was quite different from the main body. The elevation is reduced to establish a close relationship with the same floor ground. The building on the right side of the platform is open for two reasons. For one thing, make stream line below always feel in the spacious outdoors; for another, seen from the road, it looks more ethereal and light, unlike the surrounding houses which were very thick.

存在建筑-建筑攝影 (27) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-建筑攝影 (33) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室內 (2) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

客房設計多樣性Diversity of guest room design

一共13間客房,設計創造價值:每間客房都擁有獨特的景觀,與場地發生了直接的聯系。做了10個不同的房型,創造多樣性的體驗。

與原有房子之間的關系:新老房子之間的交接設計得比較自然,在結構處理和空間功能處理上都很直接,在形態上也有延續。

Design creates values: each guest room has a unique landscape, connecting directly with the site. A total 13 rooms made 10 different rooms to create a variety of experiences.

Relationship with the original house: the transition between the new and old houses was designed naturally; It is very direct in the processing of structure and spatial function; and it is continued in the form.

存在建筑-室內 (17) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室內 (21) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室內 (22) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室內 (24) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室內 (25) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室內 (8) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

關注現代建造與傳統之關系 Focus on the relationship between the modern and traditional architectures

低技作為策略:在造價及當地施工條件限制下,選擇了相對常規化的結構和營造體系,具有普適性。

傳統材料的當代表達:關注現代建造與傳統之關系,在框架系統下用石頭墻砌筑界面(當地工匠的一種成熟做法),用質樸材營造客房度假氛圍。

舊物再利用:家具陳設使用當地拆除的老木房梁改制,體現了時間的痕跡與一種在地狀態。植物與生活:水院院心種植著百年的古茶樹,摘下來的葉就可以在火塘烤制。院子里的石榴,梅子,李子樹的果實都會泡制成酒,那應該是到達時的歡迎飲料。后院有一塊菜地,摘下來的葉就可以端上早餐餐桌。設計師意圖向使用者傳遞簡單、質樸的生活理念。

Low technology as a strategy: It is widely applicable to select the regular structure and construction system under the restriction of cost and local construction conditions.

Contemporary expression of traditional materials: Focus on the relationship between modern and traditional architecture; create a resort atmosphere with plain materials by employ stone walls in frame system which is a mature approach to local artisans.
Reuse with old materials: furniture furnishings are made from local dismantled wooden beam system, reflecting the traces of time and a place-based state .

Plants and lives:A one-hundred-year old tea tree is planted in the heart of water courtyard, which leaves can be roasted in the fire pit. While the fruits of pomegranate and plum in the courtyard can be brewed into wines, that will be a welcome drink at the time of arrival. The vegetables picked in the backyard can be served on breakfast table. The designer intends to convey a simple life concept to the user.

存在建筑-室內 (23) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室內 (18) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室內 (3) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室內 (5) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室內 (9) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

生態策略與綠色環保 Ecological strategy and environmental protection

除了“在地性”,我們還強調作為建筑師的社會責任感。使用太陽能熱水系統,充分利用當地氣候優勢。花6位數設置10噸級的中水處理系統(在大理環海路市政排污管網不健全的背景下),為的是“不向洱海排一滴污水”,自凈回用作為景觀用水,以負責的態度表達著對自然環境的熱愛:并且在客棧主入口設置了中水系統的展示窗口,以便客人傳遞環保設計理念。

Besides localization, we also emphasize the sense of social responsibility as an architect. Make full use of the local climate advantages to employ solar hot water system. For the “do not drop a drop of sewage in Erhai”, despite the municipal sewage pipe network is not perfect there, we spend hundreds of thousands of RMB to set 10-ton water treatment system, purifying and reusing for landscape water. We express the love for the natural environment with the responsible attitude; and set up the display window of the water system at the main entrance of the hotel to convey the idea of environmental protection design to the guests.

存在建筑-建筑攝影 (13) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

遺憾與驚喜 Regret and surprise

原設計為單坡屋頂,希望是一個更現代性傾向的新鄉土建筑,后來在施工過程中遇突發的風貌控制,只有改為雙坡屋頂,略顯遺憾。驚喜的是客房內部在雙坡屋頂的框景下,與湖景共同構成更為精神性的空間,這點是我們在改方案時未曾想象的。

The original design was a lean-to roof ,expected to be a more modern tendency of new vernacular architecture; however, it was regret that it was changed to the double pitched roof ,due to a sudden control of style in the construction process. While what make us excited and beyond our imagination in the modification is that the internal rooms and lake view constitute more spiritual space under the frame of the double slope roof.

存在建筑-室內 (26) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室內 (15) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

▽ 1F

drawings 4 一層平面 1st floor plan Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

▽ 2F

drawings 5 二層平面 2nd floor plan Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

▽ 3F

drawings 6 三層平面3rd floor plan Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

▽ SECTION

drawings 7下沉書屋剖面圖 sunken study section Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

drawings 8退臺客房剖面圖 Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

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